Our Living Well, On Location series explores cities and countries from around the world. How do other people pursue health and happiness? We’re going coast to coast, country to country to find out.
When most people think of Minneapolis, they think of snow. Minneapolitans are not ones to brag, so those who haven’t spent time in the area would be surprised to know that Minneaplis and twin city, St. Paul, are perennial winners on nationwide surveys of health, happiness, fitness and well-being.
How do they do it?
The twin cities are the most active metropolitan area in the country
Minneapolitans are an active bunch. Nearly 83 percent of residents were active every single day — and more than half of city residents got at least the government-recommended 30 minutes of moderate activity per day, according to a survey conducted by the American College of Sports Medicine. The organization anointed the Minneapolis-St Paul area as the fittest city in the U.S. in 2012, thanks to the sportiness and overall good health of its residents.
Minneapolis boasts the best parks in the country
In June 2013, the Trust for Public Land ranked Minneapolis’ parks as the very best in the country, beating out New York, Chicago and San Francisco for acreage, access and, let’s face it, sheer beauty.
“The city was built around the park system, not the other way around,” Jayne Miller, superintendent for the Minneapolis Park and Recreation Board, told the Star Tribune.
All those parks contribute to the public health, fostering relationships between citizens and nature and improving physical fitness by providing a free and pleasurable place to exercise. Parks can also help mitigate urban pollution, according to the American Planning Association, and help reenforce community ties — all important factors for citizen wellness.
“Technically the slogan is ‘land of 10,000 lakes,’ but everyone from Minnesota knows it’s closer to 12,000,” says HuffPost editor and native Minnesotan, Jordan Turgeon. We’re not just taking her word for it — an official government survey put the number of lakes at 11,842 statewide.
And while that staggering number refers to the entire state, the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area boasts eight distinct lakes and the Chain of Lakes park that covers 13.3 miles of water. Minneapolis is actually referred to as the “city of lakes.”
But why would lakes make you happier and healthier? While the health benefits of green space get more attention, there’s evidence that blue space — lakes, rivers, streams and oceans — can also have a positive influence over health and wellbeing, reported The Guardian.
High wages, low rent
“A reader asked me the other day for a Rent Is Too Damn High perspective on what city he should live in,” wrote Slate columnist Matthew Yglesias. “On one level, it’s a complicated question. On another level, the answer is that you should move to Minneapolis.”
Twin Cities residents earn about 23 percent above the average national household income, but their rent prices remain below the average of America’s major metropolitan areas. In an index of housing affordability, Minneapolis-St. Paul ranked as cheaper than comparable cities like Dallas, Boston, Philadelphia, Seattle, both Portlands (Maine and Oregon) and Austin, according to the Center for Housing Policy and the National Housing Conference.
The organizations scored cities based on how many of 72 professions had an average salary that would support rent on a two-bedroom apartment. According to their calculations, 59 percent of the Twin Cities’ jobs compensate at a level comfortable enough for a nice apartment.
And while money doesn’t necessarily bring happiness, the extra cushion of a well-paying job and modest expenses could be the difference between financial well-being and the health-draining stress of struggling to make ends meet. We know that people who struggle with debt and expenses are more likely to report physical health problems than those who are managing, according to a report from the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
They’ve been smoke-free since way back
Minnesota enacted a state-wide ban of smoking in all workplaces in 2007, but the phase-out began several decades earlier when the state passed the Minnesota Clean Indoor Air Act in 1975, making it the first to ban smoking in most public places and require designated non-smoking sections in restaurants, reported the San Francisco Chronicle.
Unemployment is low — and that means better mental health
Minneapolis now has the lowest unemployment of any major metropolitan area, according to U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. As if the stress of looking for a job weren’t enough, unemployment is actually linked to a overall increased risk of mortality — from causes as disparate as accident, cardiovascular disease and cancer.
Minneapolitans are bookworms
Minneapolis ranks in the top three most literate cities, thanks to a high density of bookstores, high newspaper circulation and a well-read populace. And, as we’ve recently explored, reading can contribute to better sleep, better cognitive function and improved stress release.
It doesn’t hurt that Minneapolis is friendly to writers, according to a Ploughshares report, with great libraries, cafes and citywide WiFi plans that allow you to get connected from anywhere.
Do you live in the Twin Cities? Tell us what you love best
<strong>Total Score =</strong> 76.4
<strong>Rank = </strong>1
Minneapolis excelled when it came to an active population — with high scores for physical fitness and active lifestyle. But even the winner had areas for improvement, including a low percentage of the population who ate enough fresh produce and a high percentage of the population who suffered from asthma.
<strong>Total Score</strong> = 75.8
<strong>Rank </strong>= 2
Washingtonians tend not to smoke and are conscientious about maintaining good health care coverage, though the report reveals that they lack enough park space and also have a high asthma rate.
<strong>Total Score</strong> = 70.0
<strong>Rank</strong> = 3
People from Boston are hardy stock, according to the report, which found that Bostonians report being in excellent health at exceptional rates. Unfortunately, and somewhat paradoxically, they also had above average rates of coronary heart disease and a lack of publicly accessible recreational space.
San Francisco, Calif.
<strong>Total Score</strong> = 69.0
<strong>Rank</strong> = 4
San Franciscans get active on their way to work — biking and walking in greater numbers. And thanks to high expenditures on parks and other public space, there is plenty of space to stay active outside of the commute. But the city’s population stumbles when it comes to mental health, reporting an above average number of days during which psychological problems persisted.
<strong>Total Score</strong> = 68.5
<strong>Rank</strong> = 5
Citizens of the relatively small Hartford are active and exceptional at eating their veggies, but diabetes, heart disease and asthma remain high.
<strong>Total Score</strong> = 68.4
<strong>Rank</strong> = 6
Sacramento also had an active and veggie-loving population, thanks to a high rate of farmer’s markets and public recreation areas. But the city’s population still suffers from mental health problems, asthma, diabetes and heart disease.
<strong>Total Score</strong> = 67.9
<strong>Rank</strong> = 7
Despite a high obesity rate, along with diabetes, asthma and mental health problems, the city of Portland makes way for some seriously healthy behaviors like active commutes by bike and on foot, lots of recreative parks and town squares and a high percentage of farmer’s markets offering fresh produce.
<strong>Total Score</strong> = 67.8
<strong>Rank</strong> = 8
The fit, veggie-loving people of Seattle helped their city score high marks for fitness, diet and environmental factors like good funding for parks, high quality physical education in schools and active commuting. But the city’s residents also suffered high asthma rates and mental health problems.
<strong>Total Score</strong> = 65.6
<strong>Rank</strong> = 9
Few Denver residents are obese, perhaps thanks to an extensive and well-funded parks system, and few suffer from associated conditions like diabetes and heart disease.
But the city’s school children have a less-than-rigorous physical education department and there is an overall high rate of mental health problems.
<strong>Total Score</strong> = 63.4
<strong>Rank</strong> = 10
Texas’ artsiest city may be known for its bar scene, but its residents lifestyles aren’t all rock and roll, with low smoking rates and a high rate of physical activity. Still, like the rest of the state, Austin’s residents were more likely to be obese.
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